Technology
Energica motorcycles are the ultimate expression of Italian exclusivity, masterfully manufactured in the Italian Motor Valley in Modena. Energica benefits in countless and immeasurable ways from the close relationship and consultation with parent company CRP Group.
The overall culture that distinguishes CRP Group is fully integrated into Energica Motor Company.
Diving in F1 world and aerospace industries keeps Energica at the forefront of state-of-the-art technology and ready for future innovation.
Performance. A green hearth
The green heart of Energica motorcycles is a synchronous oil-cooled motor with permanent magnets.
The excitement of riding an electric motorcycle is more than just power. With no transmission gears, clutch, or shifting, the process of searching for the “right gear” and RPM is eliminated, allowing for full concentration on acceleration, full throttle control, cornering and braking.
The technology is more intuitive and gives the feeling of torque to the motor instantly. Energica is taking electric performance to the next level!
Power Battery Pack
Energica motorcycles use a high-energy lithium polymer (Li-NMC) battery.
Contained in sealed housing holding battery cells, the Battery Management System (BMS) has all the necessary provisions to ensure the safety of the vehicle. The battery keeps all high-voltage components encapsulated, making it unlikely to accidentally be exposed to risk.
The battery pack is an intelligent device with its own electrical brain, comprising dozens of sensors and electromechanical devices that constitute a closed subsystem to ensure maximum vehicle performance and driver safety in all environmental conditions.
Energica has designed a cooling system for the battery pack that is superior thanks to its specific ventilation paths that limit the stress of the batteries. This provides considerable benefits to both performance of the vehicle and the life of the battery.
Energica is the only company in the world that has designed, patented and adopted this type of technology on its own bikes.
VCU. Vehicle Control Unit
The brain of Energica motorcycles is the sophisticated Vehicle Control Unit. Unlike other vehicles where the control units work separately on all controllers, the Energica’s battery, inverter, charger and ABS are constantly monitored and managed by a technological jewel: the VCU, completely designed and developed by Energica.
The state-of-the-art VCU implements a multimap adaptive energy, and a power management. Algorithm manages the vehicle, carefully monitoring and adjusting the motor’s power according to the throttle thrust 100 times per second while riding.
The VCU interfaces with the ABS system, controlling regenerative engine braking. This ensures the highest efficiency in energy usage and full functionality of the battery throughout the life of the vehicle, but also delivers great drivability and experience. The system is based on an architecture with dual redundant microprocessors to ensure the highest safety standards that constantly monitor the status of the battery, even in the key-off position.
Ensuring superb efficiency in energy management of the battery even in prolonged periods of vehicle hibernation.
RIDE BY WIRE SYSTEM
The ride-by-wire system is the direct interface between the driver and the vehicle. Knowing its importance, Energica paid special attention to the development and refinement of this device.
The throttle control is composed of a rotary potentiometer and a safety microswitch.
The potentiometer detects the rotation of the throttle and is activated every time the accelerator is engaged or released.
The VCU manages both the potentiometer and the switch signal to fine-tune the torque demand to the engine based on the mapping selected, while the microswitch is used as a safety feature in case of malfunction of the throttle control.
The driving experience corresponds to four different motor mappings, which correspond to different values of maximum torque and different throttle responses. In addition, there are three different settings of regenerative braking that can be manually turned off by the driver.
PARK ASSISTANT
Energica motorcycles are equipped with a “PARK ASSISTANT” in order to facilitate parking and maneuvers on slopes or into rush traffic.
The VCU limits both the speed and the torque of the vehicle. The PARK ASSISTANT works back and forth (reverse mode) with maximum speed 1.74 miles/hour (mph) and maximum torque 50Nm.
Push “START” for 2 seconds to enter the “PARK ASSISTANT” mode. Further quick push of “START” button, will switch from forward to reverse mode to assist in tough maneuvers and if stuck in the middle of traffic.
Pushing the “START” button for at least 1s when the motorcycle is still will get it back to normal speed.
DASHBOARD
The TFT full-color LCD dashboard on Energica motorcycles with 16.7 million display colors has excellent visibility.
The active matrix dashboard creates a real Human Machine Interface for the motorcycles.
This technology allows great flexibility, supporting the flow of information and interactivity with the vehicle system. It can provide an extensive menu of configurations and advanced user diagnostics, which are easy to read. It also monitors all of the functions and phases of vehicle operation, such as charging, driving, standby, and the connection with the outside world.
Italian Design. Frame
Energica motorcycles have an Italian-style, tubular, craftsman-like trellis high strength steel frame. The steel frame provides a better feel than aluminum.
For years technicians believed that aluminum-framed road race motorcycles provided more “drive” than their steel counterparts.
However, research has discovered that the steel frames actually act similarly to a spring, absorbing some energy as they flex and releasing it again when they snap back to their original form.
ABS
The latest generation ABS BOSCH on Energica motorcycles not only prevents the wheels from locking but is equipped with rear-wheel liftup mitigation system that prevents overturn during emergency braking.
The driver has the ability to turn the ABS system on and off using the dashboard.
eABS
The latest generation eABS mounted on the Energica motorcycle is able to limit the maximum regenerative torque in case of slippery conditions.
In particular, the system verifies the presence of friction conditions and, in case of slippery conditions, limits the maximum regeneration torque.
Electronics: Energica DNA
Any mechanical, electrical or biological system needs instructions to be able to work. For biological organisms there is DNA and for software the number of program lines.
The Energica Software has reached 1.1M of program lines (645,000 program lines only for the VCU), over 200,000 more than a Space Shuttle!
Here is a list to compare this data:
Space Shuttle 400000 lines of code
Energica VCU 645000 lines of code
Bacterium 1000000 lines of code
Energica Software 1100000 lines of code
F22 Raptor 1500000 lines of code
Hubble Space Telescope 1800000 lines of code